Feast of Weeks

Fest of Weeks / Pentecost

Ex 34:22-23 And thou shalt observe the feast of weeks, of the firstfruits of wheat harvest, and the feast of ingathering at the year??s end. 23 Thrice in the year shall all your men children appear before the Lord GOD, the God of Israel.

The feast of weeks has many interesting characteristics. Firstly in Leviticus 23:15-16 we are told that it is linked to the festival of first-fruits, because you have to count exactly 50 days from it to get to the date of Pentecost.

15 And ye shall count unto you from the morrow after the sabbath, from the day that ye brought the sheaf of the wave offering; seven sabbaths shall be complete:

16 Even unto the morrow after the seventh sabbath shall ye number fifty days; and ye shall offer a new meat offering unto the Lord.

All of these feast in Leviticus are of great interest to us when we look at the events that take place on these dates.
We know that the passover is of significance (Lev 23:5-7) because this is the day that Christ was put to death. We know that first fruits is right after passover, and the day that christ is risen.
Firstfruits falls on the 17th Nissan, which is an important date in scriptures, Noah finds rest and starts his new life on this date. Haman is hanged and the jews have a new beginning on this date, and the children of israel cross the red sea and escape the Egyptians.

This brings us to the feast of weeks, Acts 1:3-5 tells us christ after his resurrection remained for 40 days with his disciples before he ascended, 10 days BEFORE firstfruits. The spirit gifts were given out 10 days later, and the apostles were commanded to stick around Jerusalem in a very tumultuous and dangerous environment, which leaves us to ask Why, and what significance can we take from it.
Let us look at what the festival was about. It was one of the three festivals or appointment that god commanded attendance to. (the other two being Passover and the Feast of Tabernacles). They were commanded to bake 2 loaves WITH LEAVEN, which is an unusual request when we consider the symbolism of leaven :

16 Even unto the morrow after the seventh sabbath shall ye number fifty days; and ye shall offer a new meat offering unto the LORD.
17 Ye shall bring out of your habitations two wave loaves of two tenth deals; they shall be of fine flour; they shall be baken with leaven; they are the firstfruits unto the LORD.

(symbolism of leaven can be seen here: Matthew 23 v 5-12 )
Christ rose and was made immortal during the feast of unleavened bread, this is important because as we know he lived a blameless life, he was without leaven. On the other hand, the feast of weeks has 2 loaves containing this polluting agent, and they are waved heavenward. This is symbolism that our God knows our state of sin and is mindful of it. The 2 loaves represent Jews and Gentiles, and the fine flour that binds the loaves is Christ.
With the idea of Gods grace attached to this waving of polluting leaven, we come to consider another linking aspect of the festival. We are reminded, that the festival was that of the wheat harvest :

Ex 34:22-23 And thou shalt observe the feast of weeks, of the firstfruits of wheat harvest, and the feast of ingathering at the year??s end. 23 Thrice in the year shall all your men children appear before the Lord GOD, the God of Israel.

Which, when we look at what christ says about the wheat and the tares illuminates the lessons and parables. Matt 13: 24-30, 34-43

Another parable put he forth unto them, saying, The kingdom of heaven is likened unto a man which sowed good seed in his field: 25 But while men slept, his enemy came and sowed tares among the wheat, and went his way. 26 But when the blade was sprung up, and brought forth fruit, then appeared the tares also. 27 So the servants of the householder came and said unto him, Sir, didst not thou sow good seed in thy field? from whence then hath it tares? 28 He said unto them, An enemy hath done this. The servants said unto him, Wilt thou then that we go and gather them up? 29 But he said, Nay; lest while ye gather up the tares, ye root up also the wheat with them. 30 Let both grow together until the harvest: and in the time of harvest I will say to the reapers, Gather ye together first the tares, and bind them in bundles to burn them: but gather the wheat into my barn.

All these things spake Jesus unto the multitude in parables; and without a parable spake he not unto them: 35 That it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet, saying, I will open my mouth in parables; I will utter things which have been kept secret from the foundation of the world. 36 Then Jesus sent the multitude away, and went into the house: and his disciples came unto him, saying, Declare unto us the parable of the tares of the field. 37 He answered and said unto them, He that soweth the good seed is the Son of man; 38 The field is the world; the good seed are the children of the kingdom; but the tares are the children of the wicked one; 39 The enemy that sowed them is the devil; the harvest is the end of the world; and the reapers are the angels. 40 As therefore the tares are gathered and burned in the fire; so shall it be in the end of this world. 41 The Son of man shall send forth his angels, and they shall gather out of his kingdom all things that offend, and them which do iniquity; 42 And shall cast them into a furnace of fire: there shall be wailing and gnashing of teeth. 43 Then shall the righteous shine forth as the sun in the kingdom of their Father. Who hath ears to hear, let him hear.

So we have here, the wheat and the chaff being sorted. This parable speaks of judgment of the tares influence among the ecclesia. We notice that the tares are destroyed, but the wheat gets stored in a barn. The feast of weeks is the festival of this very thing, the harvesting of the wheat. The wheat that gets stored in the barn is made immortal.
Could it be that these feast are again to be important dates in Gods calendar? Are the enlightened, who sleep awaiting the resurrection to be risen on the festival of first-fruits? Will a further 50 days/years be counted from this day to allow for the separation of the tares ? Will that then take us to another Pentecost, another day when the wheat has the divine spirit poured out upon its members once more? Zechariah 12 : 10 seems to suggest that this is the case, as it seems to have only been partially fulfilled in Acts 2.

10 And I will pour out on the house of David and the inhabitants of Jerusalem a spirit of grace and pleas for mercy, so that, when they look on me, on him whom they have pierced, they shall mourn for him, as one mourns for an only child, and weep bitterly over him, as one weeps over a firstborn

Acts 2 records a Singleness of heart and having all things in common, being with one accord, being gathered together from all nations at the pentecost – is this to happen again? The divine mathematician in leviticus phrases the 50 day wait from first fruits like this, 7 weeks of 7 days, and at the start of the 50th day. We know the significance of 7s. The 50th day begins very early, it has literally just ticked over into the 50th day. Acts 1 starts at pentecost with 120 in the upper room (120 by the way is 20 x 7 )
The symbolism in the numbers leads us to the number 50. In scripture this is another important number.
Leviticus 25 :

10 And ye shall hallow the fiftieth year, and proclaim liberty throughout all the land unto all the inhabitants thereof: it shall be a jubile unto you; and ye shall return every man unto his possession, and ye shall return every man unto his family.
11 A jubile shall that fiftieth year be unto you: ye shall not sow, neither reap that which groweth of itself in it, nor gather the grapes in it of thy vine undressed.
12 For it is the jubile; it shall be holy unto you: ye shall eat the increase thereof out of the field.

The 50 days bring our minds to the year of jubilee when slaves are released, and debts forgiven.

Places in this Chapter (zoom in and out to see markers)

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