The wearing of Hats.
1 Cor 11:3
Wearing of the Head Covering.
This is the first of Paul’s reasons for the wearing of head coverings.
1] 1 Cor 11:3 Divine Hierarchy Christ the head of the man.
The order of rank, authority, power & status.
1Cor 11:3 But I would have you know, that the head of every man is Christ; and the head of the woman [is] the man; and the head of Christ [is] God.
So Paul’s first reason is based upon the divine hierarchy in Gen:-
God is first in Status, rank, authority & power — then Christ — then Man — & last of all Woman.
Our relationship one to another must reflect the authority of the divine order.
Gen 1:26 And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth.
So God created man in his [own] image, in the image of God created he him; male and female created he them.
Notice the order male & female, — when we address a mixed audience today we say “ladies & gentlemen” — that’s not the divine order established in Genesis.
In Genesis & also in the Law the Man comes before the woman.
Although it was Eve that was first in transgression —- Adam is first held to account — because as the head of the woman, he was held responsible.
Gen 3:9 And the LORD God called unto Adam, and said unto him, Where [art] thou?
Calls unto Adam — not Eve
Gen 3:12 And the man said, The woman whom thou gavest [to be] with me, she gave me of the tree, and I did eat.
Adam is first brought to account & then the woman & then the serpent,
Because as the head of the woman his was the primary responsibility.
This divine hierarchy is confirmed in the NT
Rom 5:12 Wherefore, as by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin; and so death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned:
Wherefore, as by one man,
Rom 5:17 For if by one man’s offence death reigned by one; much more they which receive abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness shall reign in life by one, Jesus Christ.
It was says Paul one man’s offence.
Rom 5:19? For as by one man’s disobedience many were made sinners, so by the obedience of one shall many be made righteous.
It was One man??s disobedience, —- Paul lays responsibility for disobedience on Adam —? not Eve
In Adams family he had the primary responsibility, & that because of principal of hierarchy, in the divine order Adam was the head & not Eve.
So in transgressing Eve usurped the authority of her husband, — she ignored his rulership, & as a result she was made subject to her husband,
Gen 3:16 Unto the woman he said, I will greatly multiply thy sorrow and thy conception; in sorrow thou shalt bring forth children; and thy desire [ subject to ] [shall be] to thy husband, and he shall rule over thee.
This same principal of hierarchy is re-affirmed continually in The Law.
The Law of 1st born.
Exo 13:12 That thou shalt set apart unto the LORD all that openeth the matrix, and every firstling that cometh of a beast which thou hast; the males [shall be] the LORD’S.
The firstborn belonged to God, but only the males, — no firstborn females were redeemed under the Law,
The firstborn Son had done nothing worthy of his position, or anything different from a female, — but he was born into a position & inherited the birth right upon the principal of hierarchy.
Also in Vows of separation [ Nazarite] there was a different cash value for the Male & Female.
Lev 27:1 Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, When a man shall make a singular vow, the persons [shall be] for the LORD by thy estimation.
Lev 27:3 For the Male it was 50 shekels.
Lev 27:4 And if it [be] a female, then thy estimation shall be thirty shekels.
What was wrong with females? — why only 30 shekels, — on what principal was the estimation for females less than the male — Answer is only on the principal of hierarchy, — the man had greater authority & was the head of the woman.
We also find the principal in the disallowing of vows:
Her father, if she still lived in his house. or if she were married her husband could disallow her vows.
Num 30:5? But if her father disallow her in the day that he heareth; not any of her vows, or of her bonds wherewith she hath bound her soul, shall stand: and the LORD shall forgive her, because her father disallowed her.
Concerning a married woman in
Num 30:8 But if her husband disallowed her on the day that he heard [it]; then he shall make her vow which she vowed, and that which she uttered with her lips, wherewith she bound her soul, of none effect: and the LORD shall forgive her.
A woman??s vows could be disallowed But a man could never disallow his vow
Num 30:2 If a man vow a vow unto the LORD, or swear an oath to bind his soul with a bond; he shall not break his word, he shall do according to all that proceedeth out of his mouth.
A Man’s vow always stood, on the basis of hierarchy, the man carried the responsibility of leadership & authority.
So Paul confirms the principal of Hierarchy.
1Cor 14:33 For God is not [the author] of confusion, but of peace, As in all churches of the saints.
The words “as in all ecclesia??s of the saints”? we believe really belongs to the next verse, some translations give the sense as
ESV ?For God is not a God of ?confusion but of peace. — Full stop — ???? ??
????????????????????As in all the churches of the saints,?1Cor 14:34 the women should keep silent in the churches. For they are not permitted to speak, [ laleo ] but ?should be in submission, as the Law also says.
Let the women keep silence, — shame for them to speak — The word for “speak” is “laleo” = to talk, utter words, & it’s used here the context of teaching or prophesying.
It’s used of those who “prophesy” & translated as “speaketh” in
1Cor 14:3 But he that prophesieth speaketh unto men [ people ] [to] edification, and exhortation, and comfort.
1Cor 14:29, Let the prophets speak [ laleo ] two or three, and let the other judge.
And it’s used of those who teach in
1Cor 14:19 Yet in the church I had rather speak — “laleo” — five words with my understanding, that [by my voice] I might teach others also, than ten thousand words in an [unknown] tongue.
It’s not a prohibition for sisters not to open mouth at all, — but it is an express prohibition for sisters not to take up a teaching role in three specific ecclesial meetings, — upon the principal of hierarchy, — the leadership & teaching role belongs to the man, — as says The Law,
Based upon the foundation teaching of Genesis.
Gen 3:16 Unto the woman he said, I will greatly multiply thy sorrow and thy conception; in sorrow thou shalt bring forth children; and thy desire [shall be] to thy husband, and he shall rule over thee.
But where & when are sisters required to wear a head covering?
Is it at all ecclesial meetings or just at the Breaking of Bread?
Is the answer found if we consider & compare the expressions “at home” & “in Ecclesia” —- what do they teach?
1Cor 14:35 And if they will learn anything, let them ask their husbands at home: for it is a shame for women to speak in the church.
The word Husband is better translated as “man”, — if the sisters would learn anything — ask the menfolk, — it was a shame for them to speak “in ecclesia”
In the Greek there is no definite article, — it’s not “in THE Ecclesia” but a unique phrase which only occurs 10 x “in Ecclesia” = “en ekklesis”
Six times In Corinthians we find Paul uses the term “in Ecclesia” in
1cor 11:18 For first of all, when ye come together “in Ecclesia”
1 Cor 14:19 Yet “in Ecclesia” I had rather speak five words with my understanding, that [by my voice] I might teach others also, than ten thousand words in an [unknown] tongue.
1Cor 14:28 But if there be no interpreter, let him keep silence “in Ecclesia”
1Cor 14:35 And if they will learn anything, let them ask their husbands at home: for it is a shame for women to speak in Ecclesia”
When they came together, — “in Ecclesia” it was a shame for the women to speak.
This expression appears to be offset against another phrase.
1 Cor 11:34 And if any man hunger, let him eat at home; —- Greek is “en oikos” or “in house”
In house therefor is opposite to “in Ecclesia”
1cor 14:35 And if they will learn anything, let them ask their husbands at home: [ in house ] for it is a shame for women to speak in church.
Ask in the house, — this isn’t speaking of the location where the meeting was held — many meetings were held in houses,
These two terms “in Ecclesia” & “in house” seem to be speaking of the type of meeting — Sisters could speak if the meeting was “in house” — but in the formal “in Ecclesia” they had to cover their heads & keep silence.
So it’s not where the meeting is, not the location, many meetings were held in houses.
There were three specific gatherings of the Ecclesia in a formal “in Ecclesial”
1] When they came together “in Ecclesia” to eat Lords supper,
1cor 11:18 For first of all, when ye come together “in Ecclesia”
1Cor 11:20 When ye come together therefore into one place, [this] is not to eat the Lord’s supper
2] Come together for proclamation to unbelievers
1cor14:23 If therefore the whole church be come together into one place, and all speak with tongues, and there come in [those that are] unlearned, or unbelievers, will they not say that ye are mad?
3] Come together for exposition of the word .
1Cor 14:26 How is it then, brethren? when ye come together, every one of you hath a psalm, hath a doctrine, hath a tongue, hath a revelation, hath an interpretation. Let all things be done unto edifying.
Three occaisions when the “came together” — “In Ecclesia” gatherings, — The B of B & worship, proclamation, & exposition,
All other gatherings were “in house” not the place of worship but the type of meeting, Thus the sisters have a teaching role in Sunday School & in informal situations.
1cor 14:35 And if they will learn anything, let them ask their “menfolk in house”: for it is a shame for women to speak in the church.
So the woman were to be silent in “in Ecclesia” —- meetings for proclamation, The breaking of bread, & Bible study
Because the head of the woman is the man, the principal of hierarchy —- all men are under the hierarchy of Christ, & Christ is under the father, — so the principal of hierarchy embraces us all.
Many of these points have been gleaned from studies by Bro R Lewis.